Karnataka has a coastline of about 320 km of which approximately 100 kms of coast is susceptible to erosion. Coastal zones form a key part of the economy, supporting both rural and urban activities. To ensure that coastal erosion is managed with environmentally and socio-economically sustainable solutions and to address the long term needs of coastal planning, the Government of Karnataka agreed with Asian Development Bank (ADB) support to implement the Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program (SCPMIP). The first phase of the eight year program started in January 2012 and will last until mid-2015.
Goals and objectives
The goal of the Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program is to address immediate coastal protection needs through economically viable protection works, using environmentally and socially appropriate solutions.
To achieve this, a number of objectives must be fulfilled:
• To design and put in place coastal protection infrastructure in the most vulnerable and feasible locations, using appropriate technologies.
• To address the causes of coastal erosion and coastal instability.
• To support investments for natural protection measures like developing dunes and planting of mangroves or other trees for protection.
• To address wider coastal management issues including economic value, water quality, navigation, dredging and training of river and drain mouths.
• To develop the institutional capacities to meet the long term needs of sustainable coastal protection and management. This includes the development of capacities at state and district level in shoreline planning, modelling, and design, and coordination and management of coastal infrastructure.
Investment projects will be based on participative planning, professional design and the use of modern technologies. Ullal town is the first selected location, while others will be carefully identified. In parallel to the substantial investment programme, the project will develop institutional capacities and support initiatives to increase participation of the private sector and communities in planning, design, financing, implementation and maintenance of coastal protection and management.
The project will deliver three major outputs:
1. Sustainable plans and management for shorelines.
2. Reduction of coastal erosion and instability.
3. Increased capacities for shoreline planning and development.
The Ports and Inland Water Transport Department (PIWTD) is the Executing Agency in Karnataka. For this purpose the Department has set up a Project Management Unit (PMU). This PMU is assisted by Project Management and Design Consultants, for which Euroconsult Mott MacDonald (Netherlands) and Mott MacDonald India were selected for the initial three years of the Program.